Poems like films and literature have a particular form and purpose. A poet, like a director or writer, chooses special techniques to get across images, sounds and a message or theme.


The way, in which something is said, done, expressed or performed

Figures of Speech


Find a poem in a book or on the internet that you like and that uses at least one of the techniques of poetry and one of the figures of speech we have learned about.

Post it on the wiki page and your blog and say why you like this and what type of technique it used. Be sure to put both your name and cite the author of the poem.

Jordan Doddridge

My Name

My name is Jack
not Jackson
or Jakie
not jack-in-the-box
laughing like an echo
not hit the road Jack
not Jack the rat
or, Jack go wash your face
or Jack rabbit
lifting my head to get shot
or Jacqueline
not Jack of all trades
master of none
or car Jack
or Jack Frost
not Jackpot
the name of a loser
or Jackboot
or Jacktar
or Jackknife
or Jacket
something to wrap yourself in
not just Jack
or Jack of hearts


This poem is showing a deeper meaning than what it appears. It's showing that he just wants to be known for one thing or known as one man. The poet uses a free verse, and rhythm to make this poem interesting. though there is a lot of repetition in this poem, nothing really rhymes as such. I chose this poem because it made me look beyond words on paper, and it made me think. I didn't find any vocabulary or words that i found difficult to understand.


Dreamland-Edgar Alan Poe
By a route obscure and lonely,
Haunted by ill angels only,
Where an Eidolon, named Night,
On a black throne reign upright,
I have reached these lands but newly
From an ultimate dim Thule---
From a wild weird clime that lithe, sublime,
Out of space---out of time.

Bottomless values and boundless floods,
And chasms, and caves, and Titan woods,
With forms that no man can discover
For the dews that drip all over;
Mountains toppling evermore
Into seas without a shore;
Seas that restlessly aspire,
Surging, unto skies of fire;
Lakes that endlessly outspread
Their lone waters---lone and dead---
Their still waters---still and chilly
With the snows of the lolling lily.

By the lakes that thus outspread
Their lone waters, lone and dead---
Their sad waters, sad and chilly
With the snows of the lolling lily---
By the mountains---near the river
Murmuring lowly, murmuring ever,---
By the grey woods,--- by the swamp
Where the toad and the newt encamp.

This poem just shows the mysteries that might be inside our head in "Dreamland." This poem uses end rhymes to help emphasize the words at the end of the sentences. This poem also used approxiamte rhymes because sometimes it is too hard to find a rhyming word for everything, so you just have to use close sounding words. This is not real because it is supposed to be in a dream with mystical and magical creatures and places that roam free. It seems like a scary place because there is a spirit on a throne, and cold chilly ocean water, and lonely is used to also describe the surroundings. Althought this is not a real place, it was probably a mystical place that Edgar Alan Poe may have had a dream about, ehich brought up the idea, or he could have just felt like writing about a dream.

The Road Not Taken, by Robert Frost

Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth.
Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same.
And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back.
I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I–
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.
Click here for this poem, and many more by Robert Frost

This poem by Robert Frost demonstrates many different techniques of poetry, and styles of writing. The techniques of poetry he uses are end rhymes, exact rhymes, and maybe once or twice and approximate rhyme. Frost also uses many styles of writing. I think that he uses metaphors, though it is sort of hard to see them. He uses personification when he says “because it was grassy and wanted wear.” Obviously a road cannot ‘want wear’. We didn’t really go over this in class, but I also think that Frost used repetition, like when he uses ‘and’ a lot. The reason that I chose this poem was because it really applies to me. This poem talks about the choices that you’ve had to make in life. And that gets me thinking- what if I didn’t move to China? What would have happened if I had stayed in my home country? So it really talks about ‘what could have been’. This poem also makes me think about what has impacted my choices throughout my life. Did I choose something because I was influenced by others? Or did I choose something because I really wanted to do it? This poem has so many ways of being analyzed, and it’s one of my favorites of all time.
Audrey :)

O Captain my Captain! our fearful trip is done,
The ship has weathered every rack, the prize we sought is won,
The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting,
While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring;
But O heart! heart! heart!
O the bleeding drops of red,
Where on the deck my Captain lies,
Fallen cold and dead.

O Captain! my Captain! rise up and hear the bells;
Rise up--for you the flag is flung for you the bugle trills,
For you bouquets and ribboned wreaths for you the shores a-crowding,
For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turning;
Here Captain! dear father!
This arm beneath your head!
It is some dream that on the deck,
You've fallen cold and dead.

My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still;
My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will;
The ship is anchored safe and sound, its voyage closed and done;
From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object won;
Exult O shores, and ring O bells!
But I, with mournful tread,
Walk the deck my Captain lies,
Fallen cold and dead.
This poem by Walt Wiltman shows many of the different techniques of poetry we learned in class.
The techniques he uses are rhythm, rhymes, end rhymes, couplet, exact rhymes, approximate rhymes, and free verse. Walt Wiltman used a lot of end rhymes and exact rhymes. For example, My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still, My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will. Still and will are exact rhymes. He has the occaisional free verse and he has a couple of approximate rhymes as well. I searched the poem up on google and found out that it is about the death of American President Abraham Lincoln. He considers the President his captain and his father, which means that the President of the country is the father or captain of that country. This poem is like a metaphor about Lincoln's death. He doesn't talk directly about Lincoln, but you can tell there is a hidden meaning behind the poem.

My Shadow
By Robert Louis Stevenson
I have a little shadow that goes in and out of me,
And what can be the use of him is more than I can see.
He is very, very like me from the heels up to the head;
And I see him jump before me, when I jump into my bed.
The funniest thing about him is the way he likes to grow-
Not at all like proper children, which is always very slow;
For he sometimes shoots up taller like an india-rubber ball.
And he sometimes gets so little that there's none of him at all.
He hasn't got a notion of how children ought to play,
And can only make a fool of me in every sort of way.
He stays so close beside me, he's a coward you can see;
I'd think shame to stick to nursie as that shadow sticks to me!
One morning, very early, before the sun was up, I rose and found the shining dew on every buttercup;
But my lazy little shadow, like an arrant sleepy-head,
Has stayed at home behind me and was fast asleep in bed.
Robert Louis Stevenson seems to be talking about his shadow, and he describes what it looks like and what it does. He uses rhythm, end rhymes, couplets, internal rhymes, exact rhymes, approximate rhymes, and onomatopoeia.
Nursie- Can’t find, seems to be a typo.

(Brian Li)

A visit to William Blake’s Inn
by: Nancy Willard
When the rabbit showed me my room,
I looked all around for the bed.
I saw nothing there
but a shaggy old bear
who offered to pillow my head.
“I was hoping for blankets,” I whispered.
“At home I’ve an afghan and sheet.”
You will find my fur soft
as the hay in your loft,
any my paws make an admirable seat.
“I was hoping to waken at sunrise.
At home I’ve an excellent clock,
a lamp, and a glass
through which the hours pass,
and what shall I do for a lock?”
I will keep you from perilous starlight
and the old moon’s lunatic cat.
When I blow on your eyes,
you will see the sun rise
with the man in the marmalade hat.
I like this quote because I think that it’s really fantasy like with a bear in the hotel and the whole piece creates a picture in your mind. I also think that this poem has a good flow and rhythme an so it is easy and fun to read. Some techniques that were used in this poem are exact rhymes, couplets, and end rhymes. For exact rhymes, the author used soft and loft, lock and clock, bed and head, and cat and hat. End rhymes are used all through the poem but are scattered all over. For couplets, you can see that the parts:
“you will find my fur soft ”when I blow on your eyes,
as the hay in your loft” you will see the sun rise.”

Fire and Ice by Robert Frost

Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
From what I’ve tasted of desire
I hold with those who favor fire.
But if it had to perish twice,
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great
And would suffice.

Suffice - to meet requirements or present needs
Perish - to die or destroyed in a violent manner

This poem can be interpreted in many ways. I like this quote because it uses symbolism to depict two emotions, desire and hatred. Fire would represent desire and ice would represent hate. The 3rd to last line states that with these two forces, meaning desire and hatred, are used as the destruction to end our world. The rhyming in this poem flows and i agree with his statement. In this poem, he used couplets, exact rhymes, and rhymes.

By: Emily Dickinson

Each life converges to some centre
Expressed or still;
Exists in every human nature
A goal,

Admitted scarcely to itself, it may be,
Too fair
For credibility's temerity
To dare.

Adored with caution, as a brittle heaven,
To reach
Were hopeless as the rainbow's raiment
To touch,

Yet persevered toward, surer for the distance;
How high
Unto the saints' slow diligence
The sky!

Ungained, it may be, by a life's low venture,
But then,
Eternity enables the endeavoring

I really like this poem by Emily Dickinson because of her unique choice of words and the rhythm she put into it. At a first glance, you might think that this is written in the style of free verse, but after reading it a few times, I noticed that in many verses, every other line has an end rhyme. For example, "Admitted scarcely to itself, it may be, / Too fair / For credibility's temerity / To dare." As you can see, the lines "Too fair" and "To dare" are exact end rhymes. In the fourth verse, the lines "How high" and "The sky!" are also exact end rhymes. I also really like the topic that Emily Dickinson writes about in this poem. I think that it talks about how everybody has a dream, and although it may seem impossible to reach at the time, those who persevere and continue to work hard towards it will obtain it in the end, even through life's unexpected twists and turns. I think that this is a very interesting topic to read about, and I admire how Emily Dickinson is able to portray such a profound aspect so accurately in such a succinct manner.

Promise Never To Untieby Hope
The tender words are spoken
Each body and soul bared
Told secrets over endless days
Often doing more than dared

New world beyond my door
With intrigued and intensity
Now we have shared our hearts
A bond now made it permanently

Facing our days made easier
Despite any type of weather
Each other's heart felt deeply
Both happy we stuck together

It took us little time and effort
The bonding as strong as glue
I now promise never to untie
The strings I have tied with you

The understanding of each other
Breaths to take, we breathe the air
As the relationship interchanges
Knowing our loving hearts are there

Now we are never left on the outside
Lovingly enter each others domain
Smiling. laughing and forever teasing
But forever friends we then became

Analyzing: As soon as I read this poem I was quite interested by the information in it. There are various different ways to interpret but the way that I have interpreted it is that there are two people who go through the journey of becoming best friends. They have to go through a journey where you gain trust, honesty, and other things that will make a good friendship. In the end of this poem the two people have gained trust in each other and have said that the "strings made with you will never be untied." From the concepts of poems we have learned today I can see many of them in this poem. It has exact rhymes throughout the entire poem and there are also a few approximate rhymes. I really enjoyed reading this poem and I can relate to it as well because throughout the years that I have been here at SAS I have made life long friends and ones that will always be in my heart. My best friends know who they are and they know I will be here for them till the end and the promises that we have made will never be "untied."

Bus Stop
By Donald Justice

Lights are burning
In quiet rooms
Where lives go on
Resembling ours.

The quiet lives
That follow us –
These lives we lead
But do not own –

Stand in the rain
So quietly
When we are gone,
So quietly…

And the last bus
Comes letting dark
Umbrellas out –
Black flowers, black flowers.

And lives go on.
And lives go on
Like sudden lights
At street corners

Or like the lights
In quiet rooms
Left on for hours,
Burning, burning.

Analysis –
My assumption is that this poem is mostly free verse, as a lot of the lines don’t rhyme and some are shorter than others. The poem contains a lot of metaphors, as well as symbols. For example, the author uses the terms “dark umbrellas” and “black flowers.” These are probably used to represent things in life that may get in our way of achieving the things we want. It might also be used to symbolize people who have hurt us in the past. I think that the whole poem is about life in general, but more specifically the hardships we face everyday. It’s about how difficult life is, and how it sometimes gets you down and makes you want to give up. At the beginnings the poem talks about how easy it is to pretend to be somebody else, someone you’re not. Then the author begins to talk about how there will be bad things that happen to you on your journey through life, and obstacles that get in your way. But you have to learn to put the past behind you and move on. Finally, he ends the poem by telling us that in life, there are many things we take for granted and don’t even notice it. It’s these simple, insignificant things that are reminders of ignorant we can be and how valuable life is. Even when the world comes crashing down on you and you don’t feel like picking yourself back up, you have to find your inner strength and learn from your mistakes. No matter what, life goes on and we have to make the most of it.

- gwen.

Canis Major
by: Robert Frost
The great Overdog
That heavenly beast
With a star in one eye
Gives a leap in the east.
He dances upright
All the way to the west
And never once drops
On his forefeet to rest.
I’m a poor underdog,
But to-night I will bark
With the great Overdog
That romps through the dark.

Analyzing: I think this poem means that even though someone isn’t as fortunate as another person doesn’t mean the person isn’t capable of succeeding as well as the other person whom is more fortunate. It is more about who you are and your personality traits that get you to where you want to go and that you shouldn’t judge one another's ability by any type of judgment.
This poem uses the techniques of rhymes having a pattern of the end word of the second line rhyme with the end word of the fourth line. It also contains exact rhymes like ‘bark’ and ‘dark’.
Romps- to run or go rapidly and without effort; to play or frolic in a lively or boisterous manner
Forefeet- one of the front feet of a four legged animal
Overdog- a person who is dominant, in command, or has a significant advantage
Underdog- a person who is expected to lose in a contest or conflict
[Vivian Zhang]

Out through the fields and the woods
And over the walls I have wended;
I have climbed the hills of view
And looked at the world, and descended;
I have come by the highway home,
And lo, it is ended.
The leaves are all dead on the ground,
Save those that the oak is keeping
To ravel them one by one
And let them go scraping and creeping
Out over the crusted snow,
When others are sleeping.
And the dead leaves lie huddled and still,
No longer blown hither and thither;
the last lone aster is gone;
The flowers of the witch-hazel wither;
The heart is still aching to seek,
But the feet question ‘Whither?’
Ah, when to the heart of man
Was it ever less than a treason
To go with the drift of things,
To yield with a grace to reason,
And bow and accept the end
Of a love or a season?
Robert Frost
From this poem, I believe it is telling of a person’s longing for something which has already ended. The author seems reluctant to accept the fact that it is over. The poem tells of the eerie silence and emptiness he feels, shown in the line, “The leaves are all dead on the ground,”. Although the feeling has gone away the longing for it is stll there. It is so great, that at the end, he compares it to that of a love or a season. I chose this poem, because it relates to our graudation in a way. Ending a chapter of our lives and beginning anew is very difficult, yet is something we must all face during our lifetime. Exact rhymes are used in the poem, such as the words treason, reason, and season. Internal rhyme is also present in the line “No longer blown hither and thither”.
wended-to proceed on
lo-used to call attention to express wonder or surprise
ravel-to separate or undo the texture of
hither-to the place
thither-to that place; there
aster-any of various chiefly fall-blooming leafy-stemmed composite herbs (Aster and closely related genera) with often showy heads containing disk flowers or both disk and ray flowers
witch-hazel-any of a genus (Hamamelis of the family Hamamelidaceae, the witch-hazel family) of shrubs or small trees with slender-petaled usually yellow flowers borne in late fall or early spring ; especially : one (H. virginiana) of eastern North America that blooms in the fall
whither-to what place

t of a four legged animal
Overdog- a person who is dominant,

Four Corners
by: Jane Yolen

North is here,
the wind's teeth and belly.
South is here,
teasing corn and maidens.
East is here,
the sound of the mule deer.
West is here,
thundering like a thousand thousand buffalo.
These are the four ways
at the four corners
we can see with the eye.
But life is never so simple.
There is still up,
there is still down,
there are many roads in between
earth lodge and white man's border,
many songs between
the hoe and field,
many cries between
the arrow and it's prey.


I belive that this poem is about space, distance and things that are always there but invisible to us. We can see with items, which way is north, south and so on, but with life, it is quite different. When it comes to choices, you never know what the outcome will be of a certain situation and it's decision. There are road bumps that may stray you from your original journey or choice, that lead to a slightly different path. Also, there are always roads in between, choices that may seem better, but in the long run worse. This poem is about distance between things and ways of measuring those distances as well.

Techniques used:
free verse- no rhymes
lodge- a house used for temporary residence
Amreen =D

How Old Are You
by H.S. Fritsch

Age is a quality of mind.
If you have left your dreams behind,
If hope is cold,
IF you no longer look ahead,
If your ambitions' fires are dead -
Then you are old.
But if from life you take the best,
If in life you keep the jest,
If love you hold;
No matter how the years go by,
No matter how the birthdays fly -
You are not old.


I was very interested about the poem's title asking "How old are you" and so I chose this poem and read about it. I think the poet H.S. Fritsch is trying to say that you are only as old as you feel or act, not by the age that is counted by birthdays. If you just give up those ambitions toward your dream and do not look ahead anymore, if hope is cold, the poet says those are people who are old. However, people who try their best and live their life happily, are not old no matter how the years go by. I believe this poem would make elderly people feel younger and give them hope.

Techniques used in this poem:

End rhymes: mind - behind, ahead - dead, best - jest, by - fly
Couplet: cold - old, hold - old
Exact rhymes: mond - behind, ahead - dead, best - jest, by - fly, cold - old, hold - old


ambition: the desire or determination to be successful, rich and powerful
jest: something said or done in order to amuse people

Julie Kim

Advice to Travelers
A burro once, sent by express,
His shipping ticket on his bridle,
Ate up his name and his address,
And in some warehouse, standing idle,
He waited till he like to died.
The moral hardly needs the showing:
Don’t keep things locked up deep inside—
Say who you are and where you’re going.
Walker Gibson
I like this poem because it gives us an advice, yet it is also humorous. Although the burro cannot speak, the poet tries to tell us that while we are traveling, when there are some problems, we have to tell others who we are and where we’re going. The poet is trying to tell us that we cannot just stand idle, we have to say our destination and identity.

Each of “express” and “address”,”idle” and “bridle”,”died” and “inside”,”showing” and “going” has one line in between the lines.
express - address
idle- bridle
died- inside
showing- going
Exact rhymes:
express - address
idle- bridle
showing - going
Approximate rhymes:
died- inside
burro - small donkey
bridle - part of the harness of a horse
idle - doing nothing; not being active

SSSH (Rolf Jacobsen (b. 1907) Norway)
Sssh the sea says
sssh the small waves at the shore say, sssh
not so violent, not
so haghty, not
so remarkable
say the tips of the waves
crowding around the headland's
surf. Sssh
they say to the people
this is our earth,
our eternity.
techniques used: rhymes (exact rhymes:not, not, approximate rhyme: waves,headlnad's) , repeating "Sssh"
Analyzing: I think that the poet is trying to say about life at seashore. People living there likes small waves because they can catch fishes. When waves or tides are high, they cannot go off the seashore and catch fishes. I think that the person who is living near the seashore might have wrote this because this poem described about worries of people living near seashore.

Who (by: Kayla Coburn)

Who is the one that tried so hard? Who is the one who has been my guard? This is my hero. Who is the one who has shown me love? Who is the one who was sent from above? This is my hero. Who is the one who has given us grace? Who is the one who you cannot erase? This is my hero. Who is the one who has no doubt? Who is the one who has brought me about? This is my hero. And who might this hero be? My savior who has come and set me free.


I think that the poet is trying to express her faith in her religion. She is telling all of these things about her God. Her God has been her guard, has shown her love, has no doubt, etc. She is saying that her God, who has done so much for her, is her Hero.

Techniques used:
Exact rhymes (hard and guard, be and free, grace and erase)
Repetition ( Who, this is my hero)
(brought to you by: Roger)

Nothing Gold Can Stay~Robert Frost
Nature's first green is gold,
Her hardest hue to hold.
Her early leaf's a flower;
But only so an hour.
Then leaf subsides to leaf.
So Eden sank to grief,
So dawn goes down to day.
Nothing gold can stay.


This poem, by Robert Frost, depicts the true nature of life, where everything starts out pure and beautiful, but it never lasts. The first 7 lines are giving examples that are very closely related to nature, emphasizing the loss of beauty and purity. However, as the poem sinks into its last line, the tone of grief and misery overtakes the rest and presents the statement that “Nothing gold can stay.” However, through the desperation, it allows people to feel the need to stay “gold” and not waste time. I chose this poem because I think it’s very inspiring and easy to understand. It also has a good beat and is rather catchy. In the poem, Robert Frost uses many techniques. The poem consists of 4 couplets, each with either an exact or approximate rhyme. There are also signs of alliteration within lines.

Dying by Robert Pinsky

Nothing to be said about it, and everything-
The change of changes, closer or further away:
The Golden Retriever next door, Gussie, is dead.

Like Sandy, the Cocker Spaniel from three doores down
Who died when I was small: and every day
Things that were in my me;eory fade and die.

Phrases die out first, everyone forgets
What doornails are; then after certain decades
As a dead metaphor, "dead as a doornail" flickers

And fades away. But someone I know is dying-
And though one might say glibly, "everyone is,"
The different pace makes the difference absolute.

The tiny invisible s[res in the air we breathe,
That settle harmlessly on our drinking water
And on our skin, happen to come together

With certain conditions on the forest floor,
Or even a shady corner of the lawn-
And overnight the fleshy, pale stalks gather,

The colorless growth without a leaf or flower;
And around the stalks, the summer grass keeps growing
With steady pressure, like the insistent whiskers

That grow between shaves on a face, the nails
Growing and dying from the toes and fingers
At their own humble pace, oblivious

As the neverless moths, that live their night or two-
Though like a moth a bright soul keeps on beating,
Bored and impatient in the monster's mouth.

The poem I picked is by Robert Pinsky called “Dying”. This poem is kind of straight forward, like its name it talks about the deaths of life and the way the poet thinks about death. A part of the poem says ‘Someone I know is dying and though once might say glibly, “everyone is,” the different pace makes the difference absolute.’ I think what the writer is trying to say is that when someone dies people could say that “everyone dies” which makes death seem ordinary, but the difference that makes death unordinary is the way and environment someone dies in. The structure of this poem contains no rhythm or rhymes; the poem is more like a free verse. The poem doesn’t contain any exact rhymes but on the other hand contains a few approximate rhymes. “Dying” is a poem that expresses death through different life forms.

Glibly- thoughtlessly

Much Madness is Divinest Sense
by Emily Dickinson
Much Madness is divinest Sense -
To a discerning Eye -
Much Sense - The starkest Madness -
‘Tis the Majority
In this, as All prevail -
Assent - and ou are sane -
Demur - you’re straightway dangerous -
And handled with a Chain -
Exact Rhymes: sane-Chain, divinest-starkest
Free Verse: there is almost no rhymes but you can see that the author is using a format for the poem
I think she is saying that the majority are the ones deciding if you or an action is insane or not. In the poem, she says that madness makes sense to someone who understands situations, and what the majority calls “sense” is actually madness. If you agree to what the majority thinks, you are normal but if you object to the “sense” the majority is making, you are considered dangerous and chained up. People are blind to what is really happening and even if you could see the truth, you will get punished.
(Allyn Xu)

Winnie the poooooo........h!

Victims of a Down-Daron Malakian
As the century nears its formidable end, our gobal experience of universal proportions,
predicted by many greats, will arrive at our solar system, to our system of a down.

Authoritarian oppression, family abuse, depression caused by conformity,
and economic devastation will be neutralized by technological terrorism in times of complete chaos.

Control will never again be gained for toleration will become extinct.

A husband quarreling with his wife will not think twice or regret his spent bullet. Hungry children will not spare the grocer.

Remorse in all forms will be removed from human thoughts and actions.

Freedom will only be available through revolution or death.

This system of a down is unavoidable as life on this planet becomes unnecessary.

The hand has five fingers, capable and powerful, with the ability to destroy as well as create.

We have the power to stop and reverse the tides of time by making our awareness of abuse known to the powers of industry and their uncouth political arms.

Only by raising the awareness and promoting personal peace within today's self-defeatist society, can we allow the planet a chance to avoid self-destruction!

In this poem the writer uses many techniques like rhythm, rhymes, couplets, internal rhyme, and exact rhymes. It has most techniques except free verse, alliteration and onomatopoeia.

I choose this poem because I thought it was meaningful and i like the meaning of this poem. It talks about how dreams are important for you in your everyday life and how they could be ruined. You have to make use of your dreams and basically just live them. I know that sometimes life could be hard. But that should not stop you from living your dreams. Just go for it and you will be happy and you will have a much enjoyable and better life. It explains how dreams could really make a difference in your everyday life and you just have to go for it no matter what. It is worth it.

Authoritarian- favoring complete obedience or subjection to authority as opposed to individual freedom
Opression-the exercise of authority or power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner
self-defeatist-someone who is resigned to defeat themselves
I think that this poem is talking about the cruelty occuring during a mass genocide of a people like the Holocaust or Armenian Genocide. At the end, it talks about how the people have the power to stop the genocide and how by simply raising awareness about the situation will end the cause. This poem sends a powerful message to the reader. (Levin)

Winnie the poooooo........h!

The tree is stiff, the branch
is arching, arching, arching, arching,
to the ground. Already its tip
reaches the hats of the passerby
children leap at it, hang on it
bite on it. It is rotten, it
will be thick with blossom in
the spring. Then it will break off
of its own weight or from the pulls
of the blossom seekers who will
ravish it. Freed of this disgrace
the tree will remain, stiffly ugright.
By William Carlos Williams
I choose this specific poem to analyze for many resons. One of them being that, it seemed more interesting than the others which people were looking at.The techniques which are used in this poem are rhythm, free verse and alliteration. The main would be rythem or alliteration because of the word “arching” being used four times in the same line. I believe this poem is about the movement that the tree inspires in others with its shape and blossoms. However though, nothing really hapens to the tree so that the poem returns at the end to where is began.
Ravish-seize and carry away by force
Freed-exempt or released by something


Nature’s first green is gold,
Her hardest hue to hold.
Her early leaf’s a flower;
But only so an hour.
Then leaf subsides to leaf.
So Eden sank to grief,
So dawn goes down to day.
Nothing gold can stay.

Robert Frost

Analysis: edwards

Martin Luther King

Because he took a stand for peace

and dreamed that he would find

a way to spread equalityto all of humankind,

Because he hated violenceand fought with words, not guns,

he won a timely victoryas one of freedom’s sons;

Because he died for liberty,

the bells of history ring

to honor the accomplishmentsof Martin Luther King.

-Aileen Fisher

This poem uses a lot of the techniques we learned in class that are found in poems. Rhymes can be found in this poem. In lines 2,4,6,8,10,and 12 the last words all rhyme. This technique is called End Rhyme. The whole poem also uses rhythm. The rhymes in line 2,4,10,12 are all perfect rhymes. The rhymes in line 6,8 are approximate rhymes. An example of onomatopoeia is the word “‘ring” in line 10. Lines 1,3,5,7,9, and 11 are all free verse lines. The poem is about Martin luther King Jr. He was the man who started the Civil Rights Movement. The poem talks about how Martin Luther King Jr. used peaceful methods of riots. He “fought with words, not guns.”
Oliver Yang

Live Your Dream, Katie Hays
After birth, we all are hurled,
into an ever-changing world.
We live our lives, we learn to love,
and are granted dreams from up above.

But as we grow, we learn to see,
we’re living in reality.
With talent squandered, forgotten dreams,
the world’s a scary place, it seems.

For people don’t always learn to fly.
They lose their dreams, and let them die.
Their favorite things, what they do best
are lost, forgotten, laid to rest.

From this, we can all learn to keep
our treasures near, not buried deep.
Our fiercest loves, and great desires
are in our souls, our inner fires.

If you love music, learn to play.
Or if it’s art, then draw each day.
Whatever you have the dream to do,
once it’s found, keep it with you.

You’ll meet with failure and stop to cry,
but you can do it if you try.
For the world will look so much more bright,
if you just keep your dreams in sight.

In this poem the writer uses many techniques like rhythm, rhymes, couplets, internal rhyme, and exact rhymes. It has most techniques except free verse, alliteration and onomatopoeia.

I choose this poem because I thought it was meaningful and i like the meaning of this poem. It talks about how dreams are important for you in your everyday life and how they could be ruined. You have to make uses of your dreams and basically just live them. I know that sometimes life could be hard. But that should not stop you from living your dreams. Just go for it and you will be happy and you will have a much enjoyable and better life. It explains how dreams could really make a difference in your everyday life and you just have to go for it no matter what. It is worth it.

hurled- to throw or fling with great force.
squandered- to scatter.

"If I Put a Curse on You"
By: Paul B. Janeczko
If I could put a curse on you
I would have a laugh or two
May your gym shorts drop below your knees
May your locker fill with killer bees
May you bust the spokes on your new bike
May your girlfriend tell you "Take a hike!"
May you foul the science on the test
May you skulk the halls half dressed
May your parents find out what you did
May the bully find out where you hid
May your lunch be purloined and eaten
May your favorite team get beaten
May you get a pimple on your nose
May you grow an extra pair of toes
Oh, if I put a curse on you
I would have a laugh or two
But only someone who's a brat
Would do a rotten thing like that
Techniques used:
Couplet and rhythm is used throughout the whole poem. Most of the lines all have the word "May" in front of the sentence.
Spokes-each of the bars or wire rods connecting the center of a wheel to its outer edge
Skulk-keep out of sight, typically with a sinister or cowardly motive
From this poem, I could tell how much hatred or jealousy is being expressed. The author used many ridiculous lines like "May you grow an extra pair of toes" or "May your locker fill with killer bees" to make the poem more intriguing and funnier. The lines "May you get a pimple on your nose" and "May your favorite team get beaten" showed that there are already a lot of other things that might hurt someone even without "curses".
(Mitchell Seo)

Wars - Carl Sandburg

In the old wars drum of hoofs and the beat of shod feet.
In the new wars hum of motors and the tread* of rubber tires.
In the wars to come silent wheels and whirr of rods not
yet dreamed out in the heads of men.
In the old wars clutches of short swords and jabs into
faces with spears.
In the new wars long range guns and smashed walls, guns
running a spit of metal and men falling in tens and
In the wars to come new silent deaths, new silent hurlers
not yet dreamed out in the heads of men.
In the old wars kings quarreling and thousands of men
In the new wars kings quarreling and millions of men
In the wars to come kings kicked under the dust and
millions of men following great causes not yet
dreamed out in the heads of men.
  • tread: v. if you tread on something, you put foot on it when you are walking or standing.
This poem is about wars. I like this poem by Carl Sandburg because he compares the wars in the past and the present. Also, he first compares old and new wars and he explains things that those wars have in common. I think this poem makes people feel bad about the wars. It is very simply, but the way it explains gives very strong impression. In this poem, phrases are repeated over time, and these create rhymes and rhythmns. Also, words like “men”, is repeated several times, so I think this also creates rhytmn. We can find out exact rhymes such as drum and hum. In the fourth line, the words end with s so the rhytmn is created.
(Wendy Kim)


From the book "Traveling Light: Collected and New Poems"
published by the University of Illinois Press in 1999

Courtesy of the poet

David Wagoner
David Wagoner

Stand still. The trees ahead and bushes beside you
Are not lost. Wherever you are is called Here,
And you must treat it as a powerful stranger,
Must ask permission to know it and be known.
The forest breathes. Listen. It answers,
I have made this place around you.
If you leave it, you may come back again, saying Here.
No two trees are the same to Raven.
No two branches are the same to Wren.
If what a tree or a bush does is lost on you,
You are surely lost. Stand still. The forest knows
Where you are. You must let it find you.

I think that this poem represents that we should go outside and appreciate our world and our nature more often. I think that it tells us that we should stop and releaxe more often, i think this because Wagoner says "The forest breathes. Listen. It answers," What i also think it represents that we should take care of our earth because the only reason why we are alive is because of our earth.

Raven: To violently get prey.

Free verse, the poem does not really rhyme but still flows like a poem.

O Captain!My Captain!
By: Walt Whitman
O Captain! My Captain! Our fearful trip is done;
The ship has weather’d every rack, the prize we sought is won;
The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting,

While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring
But O heart! Heart! Heart!
O the bleeding drops of red, where on the deck my captain lies, fallen cold and dead.
This poem is about the death of Abraham Lincoln. The poem uses the ship as a metaphor for a national state. It talks about how people followed Abraham Lincoln like he was the “captain” of the United States. The poem talks about how Lincoln dies while he is trying to bring the ship to land.

This poem is partly a free verse poem, because sometimes it rhymes and sometimes it doesn’t. The poem also has end rhymes like: red and dead. The internal rhymes are ” the port is near, the bells I hear”, which is also an exact rhyme. The last one is an approximate rhyme which is “done” and “won”. (Phillip)

Nature’s first green is gold,
Her hardest hue to hold.
Her early leaf’s a flower;
But only so an hour.
Then leaf subsides to leaf.
So Eden sank to grief,
So dawn goes down to day.
Nothing gold can stay.

Robert Frost

I think the entire poem is a metaphor. It compares life to nature, and the cycle of life. He uses perfect end rhymes in each two lines, which i guess could count as couplets. He uses the AA rhyming pattern throughout the entire poem, as well. The overall poem is not too complex, so the only thing I didn’t understand was the name Eden, but there’s not much to say except for the fact that it’s a person. So i googled this person… Apparently it’s a name in the biblical book of Genesis, and has a garden named after them, The garden of Eden. This explains why the metaphor uses nature.